The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is the most numerous of the tiger subspecies. By , the total population was estimated at fewer than 2, individuals Characteristics · Distribution and habitat · Ecology and behavior · Threats. The Bengal tiger (also known as the Royal Bengal tiger) is a subspecies of tiger, found across the Indian subcontinent. The Bengal tiger is the. Find out how far a tiger's roar travels. And learn how much the world's biggest cat can eat at a sitting. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. National symbols of India. Tigers use their distinctive coats as camouflage no two have exactly the same stripes. This carnivorous animal search for medium or large prey, mainly ungulate mammals. Each group of people has different motives for killing tigers, ranging from profit, excitement to safety concerns.